Tuesday, 18 June 2024 00:00

The foot's three arches, which are often overlooked, sustain you in daily activities. The medial and lateral longitudinal arches and the anterior transverse arch function as a resilient spring, absorbing shock and supporting our weight during movement. This function depends on composition of tarsal and metatarsal bones bolstered by ligaments and tendons. The trio of foot arches, which are essential for walking and sprinting, optimize energy efficiency. The medial arch, taller and more elastic, owes its resilience to its structural makeup and supporting network. In contrast, the flatter and sturdier lateral arch relies on robust ligaments and muscles for stability. Together, they form the longitudinal arch, essential for balance and force distribution. Complementing these are the transverse arches, fortifying the foot's stability. Issues like low or high arches can lead to discomfort and conditions like heel pain or plantar fasciitis. If you are experiencing discomfort in the arch of the foot, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam and appropriate treatment. 

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from Ultimate Foot Care . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Smithtown, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 11 June 2024 00:00

Psoriatic arthritis can cause swelling in the feet, making daily activities such as walking and wearing shoes very uncomfortable. This condition is a type of inflammatory arthritis that can cause inflammation in the joints and tissues of the feet that results in swelling and stiffness. The swelling may also be accompanied by pain, tenderness, and redness further impacting mobility and quality of life. When individuals with psoriatic arthritis experience flare-ups of symptoms, the swelling and discomfort in the feet can become worse. Managing psoriatic arthritis involves a thorough approach that can include medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle adjustments. Podiatrists, or foot doctors, can offer specialized care for foot-related symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. Some recommendations are supportive footwear, orthotic inserts, and exercises to improve mobility and reduce discomfort. If you have psoriatic arthritis and are experiencing swelling in your feet, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for treatment.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Ultimate Foot Care . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Smithtown, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

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Tuesday, 04 June 2024 00:00

As individuals age, the risk of experiencing a fall increases, posing significant threats to their health and independence. Understanding the factors that contribute to falls is vital in implementing preventive measures. Common risk factors for falling in older people include muscle weakness, balance impairment, vision problems, and certain medications that may cause dizziness or lightheadedness. Environmental hazards, such as uneven surfaces, poor lighting, or slippery floors also heighten the risk. Fortunately, proactive steps can be taken to reduce the likelihood of falls. Engaging in regular exercise to improve strength, balance, and flexibility can enhance stability and coordination. Conducting home safety assessments and making necessary modifications can help create a safer living environment. Included are installing grab bars, securing rugs, and improving lighting. Regular vision check-ups and medication reviews with healthcare providers help decrease potential risks. Falling can seriously impact the feet as well as other body parts. If this has happened to you, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can assess your foot condition, provide treatment, and offer you effective fall-prevention techniques.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with one of our podiatrists from Ultimate Foot Care . Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Smithtown, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 28 May 2024 00:00

Circulation refers to the movement of blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and nutrients to tissues while removing waste products. Poor circulation in the feet can lead to various problems and is often caused by conditions such as peripheral artery disease, diabetes, obesity, and prolonged inactivity. Smoking and a sedentary lifestyle also contribute to reduced blood flow. Symptoms of poor circulation in the feet include numbness, tingling, cold feet, swelling, cramping, and skin discoloration. If left untreated, these issues can lead to more severe complications like ulcers, infections, and, in extreme cases, gangrene. Improving circulation involves lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, and eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Wearing compression stockings and elevating the feet can also help. If you have trouble with poor circulation in your feet, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for personalized advice and effective treatment options.

Poor circulation is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. If you have any concerns with poor circulation in your feet contact one of our podiatrists of Ultimate Foot Care . Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Poor Circulation in the Feet

Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs is can be caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is the result of a buildup of plaque in the arteries.

Plaque buildup or atherosclerosis results from excess calcium and cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can restrict the amount of blood which can flow through the arteries. Poor blood circulation in the feet and legs are sometimes caused by inflammation in the blood vessels, known as vasculitis.

Causes

Lack of oxygen and oxygen from poor blood circulation restricts muscle growth and development. It can also cause:

  • Muscle pain, stiffness, or weakness   
  • Numbness or cramping in the legs 
  • Skin discoloration
  • Slower nail & hair growth
  • Erectile dysfunction

Those who have diabetes or smoke are at greatest risk for poor circulation, as are those who are over 50. If you have poor circulation in the feet and legs it may be caused by PAD and is important to make changes to your lifestyle in order to reduce risk of getting a heart attack or stroke. Exercise and maintaining a healthy lifestyle will dramatically improve conditions.

As always, see a podiatrist as he or she will assist in finding a regimen that suits you. A podiatrist can also prescribe you any needed medication. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Smithtown, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Poor Blood Circulation in the Feet

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