Tuesday, 13 September 2022 00:00

Facts About Bunions

A bunion, medically known as hallux valgus, occurs when the base of the big toe bone moves outward, pushing the rest of the toe inward. A bunion can cause the foot to become wider, and make it difficult to find shoes that fit. It often rubs against the inside of the toe box and becomes red and irritated. Although wearing shoes that are too small, especially during one’s formative years, is not ideal, it is believed that genetics play a major role in the development of a bunion. Most people with bunions can find some relief through non-surgical means, including pain relief medication. In addition, finding wider shoes with a lower heel, and avoiding high heels, or shoes that are excessively pointy, can help. Losing weight may also reduce the pressure on the big toe. In severe cases, surgery is an option that can help correct the alignment of the toes. If a bunion is causing pain on a regular basis, it is a good idea to consult a podiatrist who can assess the situation and suggest a treatment plan.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact one of our podiatrists of Ultimate Foot Care . Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Smithtown, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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